2017-11-19 Sunday

强化练习8

作者:文献建设部    时间:2017-11-09

语法及词汇短语练习:
1. _______ the lightening when I heard a clap of thunder.
   A. No sooner had I seen     B. Scarcely had I seen
   C. No more than I had seen  D. Not until I had seen
2. It is during his spare time _______ John has been studying a course in English.
   A. when    B. where    C. that    D. as
3. All animals need air and ________.
   A. so plants do  B. so do plants  C. so need plants  D. plants are so
4. He was punished _______ he should make the same mistake again.
   A. unless    B. provided    C. if    D. lest
5. All the tasks _______ ahead of time, they decided to go on holiday for a week.
   A. been fulfilled           B. having been fulfilled 
   C. were fulfilled           D. had been fulfilled
6. Eating too much fat can _________ heart disease and cause high blood pressure.
   A. attribute to  B. attend to  C. contribute to  D. devote to
7. Jack wishes that he ________ business instead of history when he was in university.
   A. studied   B. study   C. had been studying   D. had studied
8. If the building project _________ by the end of month is delayed, the construction company will be fined.
   A. being completed  B. is completed  C. to be completed  D. completed
9. It is important that the hotel receptionist ________ that guests are registered correctly.
   A. make sure   B. has made sure  C. made sure  D. must make sure
10. I suggested he should ______ himself to his new conditions.
   A. adopt    B. regulate    C. suit    D. adapt
11. I will never forget ________ you for the first time.
   A. to meet    B. to have met    C. meeting    D. having to be meeting
12. _________ in a recent science competition, the three students were awarded scholarships totaling $21000.
   A. To be judged the best        B. Judged the best
   C. Having judged then best      D. judging the best
13. He always did well at school_________ having to do part-time jobs every now and then.
   A. in case of   B. in spite of   C. regardless of   D. on account of
14. ________ the temperature falling so rapidly, we couldn’t go on with the experiment.
   A. With    B. As    C. For    D. Since
15. He will surely finish the job on time ________ he’s left to do in his own way.
   A. in that    B. in case    C. as far as    D. so long as
16. As we no longer wait for the delivery of our order, we have to _____ it.
   A. postpone    B. refuse    C. delay    D. cancel
17. Not until the game had begun _________ at the sports grounds.
   A. had he arrived         B. would he have arrived 
   C. did he arrive          D. should he have arrived
18. I have objection _______ your story again.
   A. to hear  B. to hearing  C. to having heard   D. to have heard
19. The manager would rather his daughter _______ in the same office.
   A. had not worked  B. not to work  C. does not work  D. did not work
20. _________, he does get annoyed with her sometimes.
   A. Although much he likes her      B. As he likes her much
   C. Much although he likes her      D. Much as he likes her 
21. The question ________ at the meeting tomorrow is very important for our next five-year plan.
   A. to discuss   B. being discussed
   C. to be discussed D. will be discussed 
22. Pierre often makes himself well _______ with the help of body language. 
   A. to understand                            B. understanding   
   C. to be honest                              D. understood
23.“Your phone number again? I ______quite catch it.”
   A. didn’t        B. needn’t            C. don’t           D. can’t
24.You don’t need to hurry her. She ______it by the time you are ready.
   A. will have been finished                       B. will finish     
   C. will have finished                            D. will be finishing                                       
25.The weather ended up being very good ______was more than we could expect.
   A. what             B. which             C. that             D. if
26.Whether he will leave today or tomorrow ______no difference to me.
   A. makes        B. brings             C. gives            D. takes
27.I’d like to take ______of this opportunity to thank you for your hospitality      during my visit. 
   A. advantage          B. benefit             C. interest         D. profit
28.The reason ______I’m writing to you is to tell you about the party on Saturday.
   A. because        B. why               C. for             D. as
29.Bill said that _____go to the movie because he wanted to study for the examinations.
   A. he’d rather not  B. he won’t rather  C. he’ll rather not   D. he’d rather didn’t
30.The water will be much more polluted unless some measures ______right now.
   A. will be taken                             B. are taken     
   C. were taken                                 D. had been taken
31.He stopped asking me the time after he had had his watch______.
   A. to repair         B. repaired          C. repairing        D. repair
32.Be quite! It’s rude to ______people when they aide talking.
   A. interfere        B. introduce          C. interrupt       D. Prevent
33.Finding it difficult to ______to the climate in the South, he decided to move to  the North.
   A. adopt        B. adapt             C. adopting        D. adapting
34.Cinderella took medicine, but it didn’t seem to have any ______on her.
   A. effect        B. effective            C. affect          D. affective 35.With five hungry children seated around the table, the food would disappear______.
   A. in no time                               B. after a long time                    C. ahead of time                                 D. behind the times
36.The general manager signed the agreement ______the company.
   A. instead of     B. on behalf of        C. in place of   D. In case of
37.I know nothing about John ______he is a teacher at some university.
   A. besides         B. In addition to         C. except for   D. except that
38.Another point of the mass media is ______it gives people the information they need in their daily lives.
   A. what         B. whether             C. whenever    D. that
39.------I haven’ t seen you for ages! Where have you been?
  ------I went to Ningxia and ______there for one year, teaching as a volunteer at primary school.
   A. stayed         B. stay          C. had stayed   D. am staying
40.Animals are one of the most important resources for human    beings;however,by2030,many species will have ______according to some research.
A. used up         B. died out             C. gone up     D. got rid of
阅读练习:
Passage Three
It was a cold winter day. A woman drove up to the Rainbow Bridge tollbooth (收费站). “I’m paying for myself, and for the six cars behind me,” she said with a smile, handing over seven tickets. One after another, the next six drivers arriving at the tollbooth were informed, “Some lady up ahead already paid your fare.”
It turned out that the woman, Natalie Smith, had read something on a friend’s refrigerator: “Practice random kindness and senseless acts of beauty.” The phrase impressed her so much that she copied it down.
     Judy Foreman spotted the same phrase on a warehouse wall far away from home. When it stayed on her mind for days, she gave up and drove all the way back to copy it down. “I thought it was beautiful,” she said, explaining why she’d taken to writing it at the bottom of all her letters,        “like a message from above.” Her husband, Frank, liked the phrase so much that he put it up on the classroom wall for his students, one of whom was the daughter of Alice Johnson, a local news reporter. Alice put it in the newspaper, admitting that though she liked it, she didn’t know where it came from or what it really meant.
     Two days later, Alice got a call from Anne Herbert, a woman living in Marin. It was in a restaurant that Anne wrote the phrase down on a piece of paper, after turning it around in her mind for days.
    “Here’s the idea,” Anne says. “Anything you think there should be more of, do it randomly.” Her fantasies include painting the classrooms of shabby schools, leaving hot meals on kitchen tables in the poor part of town, and giving money secretly to a proud old lady. Anne says, “Kindness can build on itself as much as violence can.”
 The acts of random kindness spread. If you were one of those drivers who found your fare paid, who knows what you might have been inspired to do for someone else later. Like all great events, kindness begins slowly, with every single act. Let it be yours!
51. Why did Natalie Smith pay for the six cars behind her?
     A. She knew the car drivers well.   B. She wanted to show kindness.
     C. She hoped to please others.      D. She had seven tickets.
52. Judy Foreman copied down the phrase because she _________.
     A. thought it was beautifully written
     B. wanted to know what it really mean
     C. decided to write it on a warehouse wall
     D. wanted her husband to put it up in the classroom
53. Who wrote the phrase down on a piece of paper according to the passage?
     A. Judy Foreman.      B. Natalie Smith.
     C. Alice Johnson.     D. Anne Herbert.
54. Which of the following statements is closest in the meaning to the underlined sentence in the passage?
     A. Kindness and violence can change the world. 
B. Kindness and violence can affect one’s behavior.
     C. Kindness and violence can reproduce themselves.
     D. Kindness and violence can shape one’s character.
55. What can we infer from the last paragraph?
     A. People should not practice random kindness to those in need.
B. People who receive kindness are likely to offer it to others.
     C. People should not practice random kindness to strangers they meet.
     D. People who receive kindness are less likely to pay it back to the giver.




Passage Four
Peter loved to buy used articles. Almost a month ago, he bought popular word game that used little pieces of wood with different letters on them. As he was purchasing it, the salesgirl said, “Uh, look, the game box haven’t even been opened yet. That might be worth some money. ”
Peter examined the box, and, sure enough, it was completely covered in factory-sealed plastic. And he saw a date of 1973 on the back of the box.
“You should put that up for auction (拍卖) on the Internet, and see what happens.”the salesgirl said.
“Yes, you’re right. People like something rare.” Peter agreed, “I can’t imagine there being very many unopened boxes of this game still around 40 years later.”
“Don’t forget to tell me if you sell it.” the salesgirl smiled.
“No problem.” Peter said.
After he got home, Peter went online to several auction websites looking for his game. But he couldn’t find it. Then he typed in the name of the word game and hit Search. The search result was 543 websites containing information about the changes of the game. Over the years, the game had been produced using letters in different sizes and game boards in different colors. He also found some lists of game fans looking for various versions of the game. Peter emailed some of them, telling them what he had.
Two weeks later, Peter went back to the shop.
“Hello. Do you still remember the unopened word game?”
The salesgirl looked at him for a second, then recognized him and said, “Oh, hi!”
“I’ve got something for you,” Peter said. “I sold the game and made $1,000. Thank you for your suggestion.” He handed her three $ 100 bills.
“Wow!” the salesgirl cried out. “Thank you, I never expected it.”
56. Which of the following best describes Peter’s word game?
A. It was made around 40 years ago.
B. It had game boards in different sizes.
C. It was kept in a plastic bag with a seal.
D. It had little pieces of wood in different colors.
57. What did the salesgirl probably think of Peter’s wordgame?
A. Old and handy.           B. Rare and valuable.
C. Classic and attractive.          D. Colorful and interesting
58. Peter got the names of the game fans from _________.
A. an auction         B. the Internet
C. a game shop        D. the second-hand shop
59. What happened at the end of the story?
A. Peter gave the girl $300 as a reward.
B. The salesgirl became Peter’s friend.
C. Peter returned the word game for $ 1,000.
D. The salesgirl felt confused to see Peter again.
60. What message can be leaned from the story?
A. It’s important to keep a promise.
B. It’s great to share in other people’s happiness.
C. One should be grateful for the help from others.
D. Something rare is not worth a large amount of money.
完型练习:
Dad had a black comb. He bought it when he married Mum. Every night, he would___61___me his comb and say, ”Good girl, help Daddy clean it, OK?”
  I was ___62___to do it. At the age of five, this dull task brought me such___63___.I would excitedly turn the tap___64___and brush the comb carefully. Satisfied that I’d done a good job, I would happily return the comb to Dad.He___65___affectionately at me and place the comb in his wallet.
  Two years later, Dad started his own___66___,which wasn’t doing well. That was when things started to___67___.Dad didn’t come home as early and as much as he used to. Mum and I bacame___68___at him for placing our family in trouble.___69___time went by, an uncomfortable silence grew between us.
  After my graduation from college, Dad’s business was getting back on track. On my 24th birthday, Dad came home___70___.As usual ,I helped him carry his bags into his study. When I turned to leave, he said,” Hey, would you to help me___71___my comb?” I looked at him for a while,then___72___the comb and headed the sink.
  It hit me then: why, as a child,___73___Dad clean his comb was such a pleasure. That routine(习惯) told me Dad was home early___74___the evening with—Mum and me.It___75___ a happy and loving family.
  I passed the clean comb back to Dad. He smiled at me and___76___placed the comb in his wallet. But this time, I noticed something___77___.Dad had aged. He had wrinkles next to his eyes when he smiled,___78___his smile was still as___79___as before, the smile of a father who just wanted a good___80___for his family.


61.  A. ask            B. tell             C. hand           D.  take
62.  A. annoyed         B . relieved        C. ashamed        D. Pleased
63.  A. joy             B. sadness          C. courage        D. pain
64.  A. out           B. over            C. in             D. on
65.  A. had smiled       B. would smile      C. will smile       D. has smiled
66.  A. family           B. business         C. task           D. journey
67.  A. progress       B. change          C. improve        D. form
68.  A. satisfied         B. delighted       C. mad           D. strict 
69.  A. With            B. As             C. After           D. Before 
70.  A. occasionally     B. early           C. frequently      D. rarely
71.  A. sharpen         B. repair          C. clean          D. keep
72.  A. take         B. took           C. would take      D. had taken
73.  A. to help           B . helped         C .helping        D. had helped
74.  A. spend         B. spent           C. have spent     D. to spend
75.  A. means          B. said            C. meant           D. says
76.  A. firmly          B. hurriedly        C. curiously         D. carefully
77.  A. differently         B. exciting         C. interesting        D. urgent
78.  A. for             B. or              C. so              D. yet
79.  A. Kindhearted     B. heartwarming    C. cold            D .hot
80.  A. clothes          B. life             C. food            D. house