2018-09-26 Wednesday

专升本英语强化练习10

作者:文献建设部    时间:2017-11-20

强化练习

语法及词汇短语练习:

1. There were no tickets ________ for Friday’s performance.
    A. preferable  B. possible  C. considerable  D. available
2. _______ student with a common sense should be able to answer the question.
    A. Each    B. Any    C. Either    D. One
3. _______ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.
    A. When compared  B. While comparing  C. Compare  D. Comparing
4. ________ she first heard of the man referred to as a specialist. 
    A. That was from Stephen
    B. It was from Stephen that
    C. It was Stephen whom
    D. It was Stephen that
5. When Mr. Jones gets old, he will ______ over his business to his son.
    A. take   B. hand   C. think   D. get
6. Children who are over-protected by their parents may become _______.
    A. hurt   B. damaged   C. spoiled   D. harmed
7. A new technique _________, the yields as a whole increased by 20 percent.
    A. working out        B. having worked out
    C. having been worked out    D. to have been worked out
8. My camera can be _______ to take pictures in cloudy or sunny conditions.
    A. treated   B. remedied   C. adjusted   D. adopted
9. Mrs. Brown is supposed ________ for Italy last week.
    A. to have left         B. to leave
    C. to be leaving        D. to have been left
10. John regretted ________ to the meeting last week.
    A. not going           B. not having been going
    C. not to go           D. not to be going
11. _______ we have finished the course, we shall start doing more revision work.
    A. For now   B. Ever since   C. Now that   D. By now
12. She never laughed, _______ lose her temper.
    A. or she ever did     B. or did she ever
    C. nor did she ever    D. nor she ever did
13. The manager promised to keep me _______ of how our business was going on.
    A. to be informed  B. informed  C. on informing  D. informing
14. The rain was heavy and ________ the land was flooded.
    A. consequently   B. constantly  C. continuously  D. consistently 
15. It was essential that the application form ________ back before the deadline.
    A. must be sent  B. were sent  C. would be sent   D. be sent
16. We had a party last month, and it was a lot of fun, so let’s have ______ one this month.
    A. another   B. the other   C. more   D. other
17. It was difficult to guess what her _______ to the news would be.
    A. impression  B. reaction  C. comment  D. opinion
18. How close parents are to their parents ________ a strong influence on the character of the children. 
    A. have    B. having    C. has    D. to have
19. He was ______ of having asked such a silly question.
    A. sorry    B. guilty     C. ashamed    D. miserable
20. No sooner had we reached the top of the hill ______ we all sat down to rest.
    A. when    B. than    C. then    D. until
21. The speaker, ______ for her splendid speeches, was warmly received by the audience.
    A. having known  B. knowing  C. being known  D. known
22. When I was very young, I was terribly frightened of the school, but I soon _______ it.
    A. got off  B. got away  C. got across  D. got over
23. You ______ all those calculations! We have a computer to do that sort of thing.
    A. needn’t have done        B. shouldn’t have done
    C. must not have done        D. can not have done
24. I hope my teacher will take my recent illness into _______ when judging my examination.
    A. regard  B. account  C. counting  D. observation
25. I appreciate ________ to your home.
    A. to be invited B. having invited C. to have invited D. being invited
26. The teacher doesn’t permit _______ in class.
    A. smoke    B. smoking    C. to smoke    D. to have a smoke
27. The match was cancelled because most of the members _______ a match without a standard court.
    A. objected to having         B. objected to have
    C. were objected to have      D. were objected to having

28. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I _______ your advice.      

    A. follow   B. would follow   C. had followed   D. have followed

29. The residents, ________ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross.
    A. all their homes        B. all of whose homes
    C. all whose homes        D. all of their homes
30. _______ is known to the world, Mark Twain is a great American writer.
    A. That     B. As     C. It     D. Which
31. I remember _______ to help us if we ever got into trouble.
    A. once offering B. him to offer C. him once offering D. to offer him
32. The French pianist who had been praised very highly _______ to be a great disappointment.
    A. turned up   B. turned out   C. turned in   D. turned down
33. Jean did not have time to go to the concert last night because she was busy ______ for the examination.
    A. to prepare  B. preparing  C. to be prepared  D. being prepared
34. By the end of the month, we surely ________ a satisfactory solution to the problem.
    A. have found  B. will be finding  C. will have found  D. are finding
35. Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people ______ harm them.
    A. more than  B. other than  C. rather than  D. better than
36. There is little chance that mankind would _______ a nuclear war.
    A. retain    B. maintain    C. endure    D. survive
37. We desire that the tour leader _______ us immediately of any change in plans.
    A. inform   B. informed   C. informs   D. has informed
38. Having no money but ________ to know, he simply said he would go without dinner.
    A. not to want anyone       B. wanted no one
    C. not wanting anyone       D. to want no one
39. I would appreciate ______ it a secret.
    A. you to keep              B. your keeping
    C. that you keep            D. that you will keep
40. A completely new situation will _______ when the examination systems comes into existence.
    A. rise      B. raise      C. arise      D. arouse


阅读练习:
Passage One:
More than 30000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed or seriously injured each year. At a speed of only 30 miles per hour it is the same as falling from a third floor window. Wearing a seat belt saves lives; it reduces your chances of death or serious injury by more than half.
Therefore drivers of front seat passengers over 14 in most vehicles must wear a seat belt. If you do not, you could be fined up to $50. It will not be up to the drivers to make sure you wear your belt. But it will be the driver’s responsibility to make sure that children under 14 do not ride in the front unless they are wearing a seat belt of some kind.
However, you do not have to wear a seat belt if you are reversing your vehicles or you are making a local delivery or collection using a special vehicle; or if you have a valid medical certificate which excuses you from wearing it. Make sure these circumstances apply to you before you decide not to wear your seat belt. Remember you may be taken to court for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it.
1. This text is taken from _________.
   A. a medical magazine         B. a police report
   C. a legal document           D. a government information booklet
2. Wearing s seat belt in a vehicle __________.
   A. reduces road accidents by more than a half
   B. saves lives while driving at a speed up to 30 miles per hour
   C. reduces the death rate in traffic accidents
   D. saves more than 15000 lives each year
3. It is the driver’s responsibility to _________.
   A. make the front seat passenger wear a seat belt
   B. make the front seat children under 14 wear a seat belt
   C. stop children riding in the front seat
   D. wear a seat belt each time he drives
4. According to the text, which of the following people riding in the front does not have to wear a seat belt? _______
   A. Someone who is backing into a parking space
   B. Someone who is picking up the children from the local school
   C. Someone who is delivering invitation letters
   D. Someone who is under 14
5. For some people, it may be better ________.
   A. to wear a seat belt for health reasons
   B. not to wear a seat belt for health reasons
   C. to get a valid medical certificate before wearing a seat belt
   D. to pay a fine rather than wear a seat belt.
Passage Two:
Once they are more than a month old, babies seem to learn readily.
  Moreover, solving a problem or discovering the relationship between their own actions and event in the external world seems to have its own rewards for infants. 
The pleasure involved in such an experience seemed obvious in one study of two-to-four-month-old infants who were given a chance to control a yellow-and-green mobile. One of these mobiles was suspended above each infant, who play in a crib(小床) with a ribbon attached to one ankle. The other end of ribbon was attached to the hook from which the mobile was suspended. As the infants moved about, waving their arms and kicking their legs, they learned to connect the motion of one leg with the bobbing(跳动) of the mobile. As they smiled and gurgled at the moving mobile, the infants began to kick the leg attached to the mobile forcefully and precisely and only that leg. Apparently, they enjoyed controlling the mobile, for they would continue for as long as 45 minutes.
Nor is this pleasure in mastery limited to infants. In an experiment with fifth and sixth graders, the children were asked to solve some word puzzles that varied in difficulty. The youngsters smiled more, and reported far more pleasure, when they solved a difficult puzzle than any easy one. The implication is that human beings of any age-----from infancy to old age-----derive pleasure from intellectual mastery. 
1. In the experiment, the infants _________.
A. kicked their legs randomly all the time
B. kicked the leg controlling the mobile most of the time
C. attached the colorful ribbons to their own legs
D. felt very tired and lost their interest soon
2. Which of the following statement is NOT true? __________.
A. Youngsters gain more pleasure in solving a difficult puzzle than any easy one
B. People, old and young, can derive pleasure from intellectual mastery
C. Youngsters tend to smile less when solving an easier problem
D. The experiment indicates that the younger a person is, the happier he or she will be
3. The sentence “As they smiled and gurgled at the moving mobile suggests that ________.
A. the infants liked the beautiful color of the mobile although they couldn’t say so
B. the infant were happy because the cribs were very comfortable to sleep in
C. the infants realized the connection between the motion of one leg and the bobbing of the mobile
D. the infants wanted to grasp the bobbing mobiles and keep them
4. The infants kept kicking their legs for ________. 
A. they were too young to control themselves
B. they wanted to attract others’ attention 
C. they were required to do so by the researchers
D. They might have found it enjoyable to control the mobile
5. If the writer continues to develop this passage, he will probably ________.
A. illustrates some experiments with old people
B. introduce more information about the infants
C. devote some space to the background information about the experiment
D. talk about different theories on learning


完型练习:
Linda was a few minutes late. Wilson1 the office when she got there. His secretary told her he 2 back in a few minutes. She 3 sit down and wait for a few minutes in outer office.
  "I'll never get this job," she 4 herself. For a moment she wanted to5 the building. Just then, Wilson came6 the door and hurried into his office. A few minutes 7 his secretary took Linda in and introduced her,
Linda apologized 8 . Wilson didn't seem to 9 .They chatted casually (随便地) for a few seconds and then 10. He 11 her letter of application.
  "You've never worked in radio or television before,12? "he said. Now she was 13 that she would not get the job. Wilson asked her 14 questions.
   15he seemed impressed with her other qualifications(资格).She was 16when he asked her if she could start soon. "I wonder if you'd mind 17 next month?" he asked 18.19 seemed she had got the job 20 .
1. A. had left   B. has left      C. was left     D. would be leaving
2. A. had been   B. came      C. was       D. would be
3. A. should    B. had to     C. would      D. was able to
4. A. told      B. spoke      C. said        D. talked
5. A. run out    B run of     C. run out of     D. run away
6. A. through    B. across     C. cross       D. along
7. A. latest     B. last       C. late       D. later
8. A. to being late B. for being late C. to be late    D. for the late
9. A. mind     B. listen      C. notice     D. hear
10. A. took down with business    B. came down to business 
    C. settled down with business   D. got down to business
11. filled out     B. took out    C. sent out     D. threw away
12. A. haven't you  B. do you    C. have you     D. don't you
13. A. even more sure             B. much sure  
    C. even sure of                D. sure of
14. A. a few such  B. a few more  C. much a few     D. more a few
15. A. As her surprise             B. To her surprised 
    C. For her surprised          D. To her surprise
16. A. even more surprise      B. even much surprise 
    C. even more surprised     D. even much surprised
17. A. starting    B. to start   C. start       D. started
18. A. by a smile   B. with a smile C. by smile    D. with smile
19. A. It        B. This    C. That      D. He
20. A. not at all    B. after all   C. all        D. after that